# Week 2 - lecture 2

## TOP TOPIC

Date: 01/09/22

2.6. Mixing via coupling
2.7. The cycle and the Hypercube
2.8. Stationary Times
2.9. Strong Stationary Times and separation distance

## Homework

1.*  Let be simple random walk on the hypercube , and let denote the Hamming weight (i.e., the number of ones) of .  Then is also a Markov chain, with transition probabilities and for . Read about projected (or lumped) chains on pages 23-25 of the textbook, and calculate for . Hint: it suffices to calculate .

2.  Show that the mixing time of lazy simple random walk on the discrete torus (see section 5.3.3 and Theorem 5.6 of the book) is .

3*.   Consider the following Markov chain on the integers:  Fix . Let for all integers . Let . For which is the hitting time finite almost surely, and what is its expectation ?

A key issue is determining when the expectation is finite.  It is OK to use the strong law of large numbers.

4. Given an irreducible aperiodic transition matrix , show that for any two states , there is a coupling of the chains started from respectively, such that the expected coalescence time of these chains is at most .

5. Solve exercises 4.3 and 4.4 in the book, which can be found at https://www.yuval-peres-books.com/markov-chains-and-mixing-times/

## Reference

 Glasner, Shmuel.
Almost periodic sets and measures on the torus.
Israel J. Math. 32 (1979), no. 2-3, 161–-172.

 Berend, Daniel and Peres, Yuval.
Asymptotically dense dilations of sets on the circle.
J. London Math. Soc. (2) 47 (1993), no. 1, 1–-17.

 N. Alon and Y. Peres, "Uniform dilations'', Geometric and Functional Analysis, vol. 2, No. 1 (1992), 1–28.

 Nair, R. and Velani, S. L.
Glasner sets and polynomials in primes.
Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 126 (1998), no. 10, 2835–-2840.